Lesson: 2 (HND)

By | June 6, 2014

In this lesson we are going to learn 'C major scale' and important chords of it that is 'C major chord' and 'A minor chord' with 3/4 rhythm.


Some elementary Musical Terms:

(i)  Note: a single tone(sound) of a definite pitch created by music instrument or humane voice. In music we denote tones by 7 alphabetic letters C,D,E,F,G,A,B and also with help of flat(b) and sharp(#) signs. All possible notes are 12.

(ii) SCALE: set of musical notes ordered by specific intervals. (An systematic arrangement of notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.)

(iii) Chromatic scale: All 12 notes of music i.e. C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B. 

(Iv) Chords: a group of notes usually three or more sounded togather in harmony called chords, and Triad: a chord of three musical notes, all major and minor chords are called tried, they are composed of three notes)

(v) C major scale: The major scale (often just C or key of C) consists of the pitchesC, D, E, F, G, A, and B. Its key signature has no flats/sharps. Its relative minor is A minor, and its parallel minor is C minor.



1. C major scale on guitar. (One octave)


Notes of C major scale:

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th(octave)


There are 7 notes in this scale, driven from chromatic scale, all natural, no flat or sharp signs, there is a formula of major scale we will learn later. Remember for now 7 notes in major scale.


C major scale, first position


C major first position, 1 octave



2. C major scale on single string: this is good for understanding of a diatonic scale, also we are in beginning of our course, and this will familiarize us with natural notes on guitar fret board.

Graphical picture shown here on 5th string and 2nd string, practice it in ascending and descending order of pitch as shown in video same time identify note on that string at different frets.

C major scale on 5th string

c major on 2nd string


Finger Pattern for Exercise:

Ascending:  C1-D3-E3, D1-E3-F4, E1-F2-G4, F1-G3-A3, G1-A3-B3, A1-B3-C4

Descending: C4-B3-A1, B3-A1-G1, A3-G1-F1, G3-F1-E1, F2-E1-D1, E3-D1-C1




3. Two important chords of C major scale:

(i) C major chord  (ii) A minor chord

C major chord

A minor chord

TBG rhyth no 1

TBG rhyth no 1


Chord Practice Pattern: || C - -| C - - | Am - -| Am - -|| * Repeat again.



4. Twinkle Twinkle: (i) play this tune on C scale 1st position.

Twinkle Twinkle little star on guitar



5. Beginners Guitar_ Finger Picking Style Exercise_2:



Practice and tips for this week,

(i) practice finger gym with clear sound and 'note identification' of lesson 1 everyday on priority.
(ii) practice C major with all diligence, clear and loud sound by pressing the notes just before metal fret, ascending and descending, with chord C & Am in waltz timing with firm holding.(iii) you have to give time in guitar learning to set your hand and to understand it well, average 1 hrs a day is fair enough..






Recommended guitar strings and tuner ..








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115 thoughts on “Lesson: 2 (HND)

  1. Manoj Kumar .N.L. shrivastav

    Sir mujhe guitar sikhane bada shok Hai mere pass guitar bhi Hai per sir acha sikhanewala NAHI Mila sir main confuse hu apke 1st lesson main figer 1234 assending or dessending main figer bhi guitar ke taro.main bhi 1234 main rahenga Kya sir pls pls muje sikhana Hai pls help me

    1. Shailendra Post author

      hi Manoj Kumar.. please learn through my lessons by making notes .. and sure you will learn very well.. thank you..

  2. Dr. himanshu gupta

    Sir i need to know…All 20 lessons are given to me together or i hv to wait for 6 months for the last lessons?
    N videos r downloadable?
    Diff between 6month and 1 yera subs?
    Through youtube i find u r d best online guitar lesson teacher, i may go for d subscriptions.

  3. Muhammad Asim

    You are the best teacher Sir.. I am from Pakistan and realy I learn alot from your videos…

  4. Kamal Bengali

    Hello sir
    mujhe Sa Re Ga Ma (SARGAM) shikhana hai
    uska note aapse mujhe mil shakta hai ?


    sir in TGB rythm no1 for 2 &3 stroke u just told higher string
    pls define for both seprately

  6. Sunny singh

    Sir could you tell me which which topics you have covered in it as i thinking to take membership of your site


    hello sir am mohit from punjab am new member in this site i want to be learn guitar please help me am very thankful to u i love u sir


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