Lesson: 2 (HND)

By | June 6, 2014

In this lesson we are going to learn 'C major scale' and important chords C scale that is 'C major chord' and 'A minor chord' with 3/4 rhythm.

Elementary Musical Terms:

(i)  Note: a single tone(sound) of a definite pitch created by music instrument or humane voice. In music we denote tones by 7 alphabetic letters C,D,E,F,G,A,B and also with help of flat(b) and sharp(#) signs. All possible notes are 12.

(ii) SCALE: set of musical notes ordered by specific intervals. (An systematic arrangement of notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.)

(iii) Chromatic scale: All 12 notes of music i.e. C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B.

(Iv) Chords: a group of notes usually three or more sounded togather in harmony called chords, and Triad: a chord of three musical notes, all major and minor chords are called tried, they are composed of three notes)

(v) C major scale: The major scale (often just C or key of C) consists of the pitchesC, D, E, F, G, A, and B. Its key signature has no flats/sharps. Its relative minor is A minor, and its parallel minor is C minor.



1. C major scale on guitar. (One octave)


Notes of C major scale:

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th(octave)


There are 7 notes in this scale, driven from chromatic scale, all natural, no flat or sharp signs, there is a formula of major scale we will learn later. Remember for now 7 notes in major scale.


C major scale, first position


C major first position, 1 octave



2. C major scale on single string:  is good for understanding the scale, and locating notes on fretboard.

Picture shown here on 5th string and 2nd string. Practice it in ascending and descending order of pitch as shown in video same time identify note on frets.

C major scale on 5th string

c major on 2nd string


Finger Pattern for Exercise:

Ascending:  C1-D3-E3, D1-E3-F4, E1-F2-G4, F1-G3-A3, G1-A3-B3, A1-B3-C4

Descending: C4-B3-A1, B3-A1-G1, A3-G1-F1, G3-F1-E1, F2-E1-D1, E3-D1-C1




3. Two important chords of C major scale:

(i) C major chord  (ii) A minor chord

C major chord

A minor chord

TBG rhyth no 1

TBG rhyth no 1


Chord Practice Pattern: || C - -| C - - | Am - -| Am - -|| * Repeat again.



4. Twinkle Twinkle: (i) play this tune on C scale 1st position.

Twinkle Twinkle little star on guitar



5. Beginners Guitar_ Finger Picking Style Exercise_2:



Practice and tips for this week,

(i) Practice C major with all diligence, clear and loud sound by pressing the notes just before metal fret, ascending and descending, with chord C & Am in waltz timing with firm holding.

(ii) You have to give time for guitar learning to set your hand and to understand the fretboard, average 1-2 hrs a day is fair enough..













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122 thoughts on “Lesson: 2 (HND)

  1. sukhchain

    Sir mera name Sukhchain hai sir main force mein nokri krta ho mujhe guitar sikhna hai or maine new guitar lai Liya hai Lekin force mein duty krne k Karan main bahar class nhi lai Sakta toh plzz sir app aghye vale lessons bhi video mein batiye or written work ka link video description mein de do plzz sir help us

  2. Avishek Dutta

    Hello Sir, I actually learned to play western non-classical. But one of my students wants to learn some hindi staffs also. He is a beginner and just learning for about 2 and half months. He can manage to play all the major scales. He also got some idea of staves, beat count, key signature. Can you tell me atleast 10 basic hindi solo in 4/4? It’ll be very grateful.


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