Lesson: 1 (HND)

By | March 14, 2014


1. Familiarization with guitar parts: the guitar I hold in video is steel string acoustic guitar, more technically known as flat-top guitar. So; we begin with familiarization of parts of guitar

Acoustic_guitar_parts 263px-Electric_guitar_parts

guitars show here first one is classical/Spanish guitar second is electrical guitar.

( 1.Headstock, 2.Nut, 3.Machine heads (or tuning keys, tuning pegs), 4.Frets, 5.Truss rod, 6.Inlays, 7.Neck, 8.Heel (acoustic or Spanish) - Neckjoint (electric), 9.Body, 10.Pickups, 11.Electronics, 12.Bridge, 13.Pickguard, 14.Back., 15.Soundboard (top), 16.Body sides (ribs), 17.Sound hole, with Rosette inlay, 18.Strings, 19.Saddle, 20.Fretboard (or Fingerboard)

2. Tuning of Guitar:

*tuning means adjusting guitar strings for desired tone(sound).

* there are 12 notes in western music known as  'C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B'

Piano_Key. One octave.

Piano_Key. One octave.







*C# can be called Db, D# as Eb, F# as Gb, G# as Ab, A# as Bb.

these note can be well understand by piano keys, keys are in bunch of 12 ( 7 white+5 black) known as one octave. all together piano has 7 complete octave , 4th is known as middle octave. ( see picture below for clarification, I have shown only 3 octave i.e. 2nd, 3rd and 4th)

full piano keys.1

full piano keys.1

* the guitar I have in my hand is steel string acoustic guitar technically known as flat-top guitar, has 6 strings. strings are numbered from below 1,2,3,4,5,6. In standard tuning_ 1st string is tuned to E note of 4th octave of Master Piano. 2nd string to B note of 3rd Octave, 3rd string to G note of 3rd octave, 4th string to D note of 3rd octave, 5th string to A note of 2nd octave and 6th string to E note of 2nd octave.

( * If things does't seems to be very clear because of new subject, leave it for this movement. This is real easy of primary class, will be clear automatically by further lessons)

Remember this much only... our 1st string is E, 2nd B, 3rd G, 4th D, 5th A , 6th is E and with help of a electronic tuner we can tune our guitar at this movement)

3 octave.keys.

Tuning strings of guitar

Tuning strings of guitar



3. Note identification/ location on guitar fret-board:  

*note: tone/sound denoted is called musical note.

* tune your guitar with help of some electronic/ mechanical tuner you have or you can download it over your phone or computer.

You already know that in standard tuning our 1st string is E, 2nd B, 3rd G, 4th D, 5th A , 6th is E. And as we learned there are 12 note in music, 'C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B' ,  called chromatic scale if played together. and these chromatic notes comes on guitar on very next fret; from where ever you start..

example: see 2nd string is B in open then on 1st fret it would be C, because after B there is C in chromatic notes.. then on 2nd fret C#, then on 3rd fret D, then D# on 4th fret and so forth..

*Difference of 1 fret on guitar called Half-step or Semitone, Difference of 2 fret on guitar called Whole-step or Tone.

* take 1st string, E string , open (0 fret) is E, if I press and hold 1st fret it would be F note, 2nd fret would be F#, 3rd fret G and so on according to '12 notes' , see image.note identification on fretboard

Do not worry if it's hard to remember notes on fret-board, slowly over period of time your mind will learn it automatically.



Exercise 1. finger gymnastics:

Hold your guitar strong, hold plectrum firmly, press string just before the metal strip(fret) for clear sound. (refer video for explanations)

Play it daily for 8 to 10 minute, play slow, and in constant timing, get clear sound on every stroke. this exercise is for strengthening your fingers, not for speed, so go slow and clear and in timing.

finger gym___________________________________________________


Exercise 2. finger picking:


finger pick. 1

finger pick. 1



Practice and tips for this week.

1. Thanks, be encourage, go through note identification well its really important to know notes on guitar..,
2. Make all notes and drawing in you note book for good learning (plain pages recommended),
3. Go through exercise, do not intend to do 100% in first week, even if you get 70% move on, by practice it would be easy..


thank you,







120,737 total views, 28 views today

Clip to Evernote

6 thoughts on “Lesson: 1 (HND)

  1. Amit singh

    Hello sir I am not play perfect solution plz?
    I am not consult how to finger adjust

  2. kehul shah

    Hello sir

    I m beginner Me guitar sikhna chahata hu or meme apke videos bhi dekhe he sir it is awesome mene subscribe bhi kiya he

    Sir mujhe guitar Lena he new to mene apka video dekha jisme Apne new guitar lene ke bare me bataya he sir mere liye konsa guitar acha rahega ????

    Meri hight 5.10 he or mera budget 10000 tak ka he

    Sir ek or bat puchna tha apse semi acoustic guitar or electric acoustic guitar same he ya alag alag he…?? Or sir bass guitar kise kahete he….??

    Plz sir help me for this

    Thank you sir


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *